EDIUS' slogan is "Edit anything" and it practically does. Of course, there will always be some format somewhere that does not work but EDIUS does handle practically anything This includes:
♦ Grass Valley™ Infinity JPEG 2000
♦ Panasonic DVCPRO 50 and DVCPRO HD
♦ Panasonic P2 (drives and media)
♦ Panasonic VariCam
♦ Panasonic AVC-Intra
♦ Sony XDCAM and XDCAM HD (including 4:2:2 50Mbit)
♦ Sony XDCAM EX
♦ JVC ProHD
♦ Ikegami GFCAM
EDIUS has special importers for various formats which will also bring in any available metadata. Edius supports more formats natively than most programs. This also includes support for native AVCHD as well as the ability to transcode this format into something more usable.
All the new formats being created are HD so when talking about formats we general only speak about HD versions. However, EDIUS will also handle lots of SD formats. There are so many possible ways of making video these days, including QuickTime, DIVX, Xvid, windows Media, lots if different types of AVIs etc, that no program can support them all. However, in our experience, if a file is going to load into any program it is probably EDIUS.
EDIUS can also rip video off DVDs and Blu-ray discs to let you re-edit it (as long as it is not copyright protected) and is one of the few programs to do this properly. It does not work on all DVDs since there are so many possible ways that DVDs can be created. This is one of the reasons why most manufacturers do not have this as an option.
Since the way DVDs are made can be very variable there are some time when this procedure does not work but we have had a very good success rate.
Of course EDIUS handles all the popular camera SD formats, DV, DVCam, DVCPro, MPEG etc quite happily.
Like AVCHD, when editing HDV footage you can either choose to edit the "native" format, which is what most programs do, or convert it to Canopus HQ for better performance. HDV is heavily compressed but not as much as AVCHD so it is easier to edit and Edius does a good job of editing the native footage. However it can do more with Canopus HQ and as it converts it on the fly as you capture from tape it takes no longer to get HDV captured and converted to HQ than it does to capture HDV natively. As HDV is slightly smaller than the full AVCHD files mentioned about at either 1440 x 1080 or 1280 x 720 is takes about 13GB for one hour of native footage and about 50GB for 1 hour of Canopus HQ.
AVCHD is a highly compressed and very popular format these days. EDIUS is brilliant at editing AVCHD and on an up to date system it is hard to tell the difference between editing AVCHD and DV footage. Using EDIUS source browser you can even copy the files off the camera, in the background while you work.
EDIUS can take footage directly from P2 cards and use it in the project. DVCPro is not supported in EDIUS Neo, but as long as you use the full version of EDIUS does support it. EDIUS is also supports Panasonics latest variation of DVCPro called AVC-Intra. AVC-Intra is no relation to AVCHD, but a new format designed to get better quality and longer recording times on the cameras P2 cards.
You can also export the footage back to the cards as well as copy it off them.
There are four formats of XDCam - XDCam, XDCAM-HD, XDCam-Ex and XDCAM HD422. EDIUS supports all of them.
With XDCam and XDCam-HD you can edit either the full quality files or the low res proxies created on the disc, If editing the low res files you can set EDIUS to copy the High res files from the disc in the background and automatically replace the low res files with the high quality ones when this has been achieved.
With XDCam-EX the best way to import files is to use the free Sony Clip browser software - just select the clips in the clip browser and drag and drop then into the EDIUS bin. You do not have to convert to MXF or export to QuickTime as you would with Avid or Final Cut pro, just select the clips and load them into the program.
Since EDIUS 5 you can also export back to XDCam-EX cards, something you cannot do with a Adobe Premiere or Avid Media Composer.
Grass Valley HQ & HQX
EDIUS handles more formats than most editing programs and is usually the first to deal with a new format. How does it deal with the various formats available?
What is Grass Valley HQ?
The problem with a lot of video formats these days is that they are heavily compressed. This is great for filming as you can get and excellent picture in a small space - but bad for editing as it is hard work for the computer. Or maybe you are capturing live into a computer and want to save the video in the best format possible. However, to keep it totally uncompressed is just too demanding as 1 hour of uncompressed HD can take up over 400GB space and will need at least two drives striped together to handle the speed requirements.
To overcome this Grass Valley developed their own way of dealing with video called the Grass Valley HQ format. They have two variations: Grass Valley HQ which is 8 bit and limited to HD resolutions and Grass Valley HQX, which is 10 bit and can handle 4K resolutions and more. You can have Grass Valley HQ/HQX files in an AVI file or a QuickTime file.
This saves video as a series of complete frames (rather than bits of frames like many compressed formats) and can maintain the picture quality whilst keeping the file size small. Typically an hour of HDV sized footage in Canopus HQ format will take about 50GB space, compared to an hour of native HDV which will take about 13GB space. As HQ is easy to deal with it means it is very fluid to edit, loads quickly and you can put lots of realtime effects on it. This is one of the reasons EDIUS can do more in realtime than other editing programs with HD footage.
There are other formats available - Avid developed DNxHD which is limited to HD resolutions and have recently added DNxHR which can handle higher resoltuions including 4K. Apple made a codec called ProRes. CineForm also have their own codec which has been "adopted" quite heavily by Adobe. All of these are good but in our experience Grass Valley HQ/HQX has proved the best for a quality picture for a low file size. You can load Avid DNxHD and Apple Pro Res files into EDIUS for editing.
EDIUS has lots of possible project settings and can have larger than HD project settings. At their latest press conference Grass Valley were shouting about their 8K support! You can also define your own.
As you have so many options a wizard will guide you through setting up the standard settings when you install, but you can always customise and create new ones.
Recently we have bought a camera that films in 1080P @ 50fps - a setting which was not in EDIUS 5 and is beyond the spec of Blu-ray discs. Now we can edit this quite happily in EDIUS 6.
We can also go beyond that to higher quality settings and totally non-standard ones!